The last specimen was observed in 1894, as its habitat was being destroyed by the invasion of cinnamon plants. Generally, a species can be declared extinct with certainty only after decades without it being sighted. Like other species native to the island, this invertebrate probably went extinct following the arrival of invasive plants brought by humans. Some of the most famous extinct animals of recent times have been birds--but for every Passenger Pigeon or Dodo, there's a much bigger and much lesser-known casualties like the Elephant Bird or the Eastern Moa (and many other species remain endangered to this day). It could grow over eight centimetres in length, and was seen for the last time in 1967. Image 2. They are most closely related to ducks, geese, and swans. It hasn’t made an appearance since 1892 and the IUCN declared it extinct in 2014. This small fish belonging to the Actinopterygii class lived in the waterways around the Mexican city of Veracruz. The last specimen of this reptile was seen in 1878, and there are two hypotheses regarding the cause of its extinction: some believe that non-native mammals like cats and goats took over its environment, while others claim that miners who worked on the island deliberately exterminated it. The reasons behind their disappearance aren’t clear. From shop JoyCreating. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2017. Until 1989 the population of this freshwater crayfish was stable, but water use by local farmers drained the only pond it inhabited, leading to its extinction, which was made official by the IUCN in 2010. This millipede lived on the small island of Marianne in the Seychelles archipelago until 1892. Hibiscadelphus woodii (Wood’s hau kuahiwi). It s a list of extinct and endangered species of Italy. The Catarina pupfish was a small fish native to a spring in the Mexican region of Nuevo León. One of Africa’s last and largest “tuskers”, Tim the elephant, died from natural causes after roaming Amboseli National Park for five decades and surviving multiple life-threatening attacks. Myosotis laingii (Waiautoa forget-me-not). For 20 years we have operated to catalyse social change, to awaken and feed a new state of ecological awareness, to inspire and promote new business and consumption models for people as well as companies. Conilurus capricornensis (Capricorn rabbit-rat). The small nocturnal rodent native to Australia, belonging to the Conilurus genus, was described thanks to the retrieval of fossilised remains. Its disappearance was probably linked to deforestation and the introduction of invasive species like rats and mongooses, which also led to the proliferation of diseases. With the government’s help, it aims to close all bile farms by 2022. Human activities are, notoriously, the triggering factor behind this phenomenon. Another plant native to the Hawaiian island of Kaua’i, this perennial herb grew on steep grassy slopes. Up to 1968 it was a quite common species but afterwards its numbers saw a steep decline as non-native species, such as cats, rats and mulga snakes, were introduced. It was thought to be extinct until scientists found a few still alive in 2003. A series of dams built along the waterway between 1914 and 1967 irreparably damaged and broke up its habitat, causing its extinction –declared by the IUCN in 2012. The species was declared extinct in 2016. Due to heavy water use for agriculture, the lake dried up for over twenty days in 1981. Its extinction was probably caused by hunting and the arrival of black rats. It probably went extinct due to growing anthropic disturbance during its reproductive season caused mainly by tourism. Naturalists have only recently been able to describe this species of parrot thanks to the fossilised bones that were found in the Tonga archipelago. This flightless bird that looked similar to a chicken lived on the island of Réunion in the Indian Ocean. Today, we take you on a journey for 12,000 years to trace the extinction of species. A species of Georgian crayfish described in 1958 by a biologist who found a single specimen. The introduction of goats and competition with invasive plants are likely to have destroyed its habitat. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2014. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2016. those plant and animal species that can be found exclusively in a given territory. Claimed to be extinct for almost 100 years, the stunning lynx was spotted in Italy in 2000; it was breaking news at the time as many enthusiasts celebrated the finding. Another member of the Cyprinidae family, this fish lived exclusively in Yilong Lake, China. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2014. One theory is that they died off due to tuberculosis. Only one specimen, found in 1888 on the island of Java in Indonesia, of this freshwater shrimp has ever been collected. This species of gecko lived on Réunion island until the 1500s and has been described thanks to fossilised remains. Until 1937 this small reptile of the skink family lived on the Caribbean island of Saint Lucia. It was declared extinct in 2014. This small wood pigeon lived undisturbed on the island of Mauritius, in the Indian Ocean, until 1730. Scientists lost track of it in 1939 – it probably disappeared due to pollution and the expansion of human activities. A 50-foot-long crushing machine. It probably went extinct after humans introduced mice to the island, and its disappearance became official in 2016. It lived in the Lesser Antilles and was part of the diet of indigenous inhabitants. This plant grew only in a limited region of the Democratic Republic of Congo, requiring particular soil conditions to flourish. The bird was declared extinct by the IUCN in 2017. The small bird belonged to the Fringillidae family – commonly known as finches – and had a long, thin and curved beak. Of all the species on this list, this is undoubtedly the most well-known and charismatic. Coenocorypha iredalei (South Island snipe). CRISPR/Cas9 is already being used by scientists to create genetically modified crops and animals. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2014. Cyanea eleeleensis, Cyanea linearifolia, Cyanea mauiensis, Cyanea minutiflora, Cyanea parvifolia, Cyanea sessilifolia. However, according to genetic analysis the skulls were likely to belong to a different species of wild boar. Dicrogonatus gardineri (Gardiner’s giant mite). This fish was only ever found in a single river in the US state of Ohio, the Big Darby Creek. It hasn’t been seen since 1957, but the reasons leading to its extinction are still unknown. Acrocephalus luscinius (Guam reed-warbler). Another spider that lived on the island of Mahé until the arrival of humans and the invasive plant species they introduced to the Seychelles archipelago. This shrub inhabited forest margins on New Zealand’s North Island. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2014. Notomys robustus (Broad-cheeked hopping mouse). It’s believed that the destruction of its habitat over the past two centuries led to its extinction, which was officialised by the IUCN in 2018. Naturalists haven’t observed it since 1960 and it was declared extinct in 2016. Ornithogalum visianicum (Visiani’s star of Bethlehem). It is in grave danger of extinction. Coenocorypha barrierensis (North Island snipe). This small tree grew on the steep slopes of Pic Macaya, the second-highest peak in Haiti. In the last one hundred years, however, these figures have grown exponentially: the current rate of extinction is estimated to be around one thousand species per year. Last observed around 1850, the IUCN declared it extinct in 2016. Kakapo. They are now considered invasive species in North America.- Source. Identifiable by their long, black fur and brown-haired piglets, these animals are rare to see in the Sicilian wild and often live in mountainous areas. Some animals you could find may come as a surprise to some, such as the great brown bear. It was last seen in 1929 and the IUCN declared it extinct in 2014. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2014. Its habitat was razed to the ground for agricultural purposes, causing its extinction, which was made official by the IUCN in 2014. The existence of this bird belonging to the Columbidae family was revealed thanks to analysis of fossilised remains. This species of snail was observed only in a limited part of Malaysia. The IUCN declared it extinct in 2016. Acrocephalus yamashinae (Pagan reed-warbler). This passerine bird was once found in wetlands on the Northern Mariana Islands. This worm was seen just once in 1918 in the rainforests of Rodrigues island, Mauritius. 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